With the growth and pace of evolution that is now so characteristic of the IT sector, it can be mighty difficult just to keep pace with the constant changes it sees, let alone predict them. Ever since its inception, cloud computing has soared in popularity; and now, many enterprises and start-ups opt for cloud first approach. This gives businesses a plethora of tools, data solutions and scalable computing resources. Despite the daunting nature of the experience, we thought we’d nevertheless attempt laying out what the future may hold for the sector. Here’s our list of the top emerging cloud computing trends to watch out for in 2020:
- Containerisation On A One-Way Trajectory
Containerisation has been a vital advancement in cloud computing, offering a host of advantages like security, increased scalability, availability and performance. The market has loved the concept, moving to it in overwhelmingly large numbers. The year 2020 is expected to see continued growth here. According to one ESG research report, containers will be used in 33% of the hybrid cloud workloads. Containerisation will grow in popularity expansively over the next few years and 2020 will no doubt see it take huge steps in that direction.
- Serverless Computing
Already in use by major corporations like Netflix and Telenor, serverless computing has been a boon to developers, enabling them to concentrate on their product rather than managing servers. A Gartner report suggests that by 2020, more than 20% of global enterprises will have adopted serverless computing tech. This is a significant jump from a rate of 5% in as early as 2018. With Amazon’s Lambda already in the market since 2014, expect the market to get crowded with other providers soon.
- Artificial Intelligence in Cloud computing
Google, Amazon, IBM and Microsoft are betting big on their cloud-based artificial intelligence services. Applications like automated processes, predictive analysis, customer service and much more will be significantly helpful for enterprises of all sizes and will also help reduce costs and risks. According to Deloitte, 83% of companies that use artificial intelligence software will do so with cloud-based AI by 2020.
- Blockchain Technology
While being an incredibly exciting concept with potentially endless applications, blockchain technology has somewhat lagged in seeing mainstream adoption. Expect this to change in 2020, with Cloud service providers like Amazon, IBM already offering BaaS – Blockchain as a Service. This service model reduces costs, takes care of configuration, creation and maintenance of all the complexities of running a blockchain application. Using blockchain with the cloud offers many improved functionalities like large-scale data analysis, transparency, security and traceability.
- Quantum Computing
Increasing data processing speeds will remain a consistent demand as we make advancements in cloud tech, with companies always looking to make their processes more efficient and capable. Quantum computing, with its premise of significantly superior data processing rates, will attract more attention as we head into 2020. AWS, Microsoft and IBM have already begun offering cloud-based quantum computing solutions, with IBM having put the first quantum computer on the cloud as early as 2016. Safe to expect that the next innovations in technology and business will emanate from here.
- Improvements in Cloud Security
As corporations continue to move large amounts of workloads onto the cloud, cloud security will become the centre of attention in the larger cybersecurity space. The global cloud security market size is expected to touch $8.9 billion by the end of this year – translating to a CAGR of 23.5% from 2015 to 2020. 2020 will also see a number of cyber security and cloud computing players collaborate to offer improved and more effective cyber security solutions. Shared responsibility models and privileged access management may take centre stage in 2020.
- Cloud Careers
Jobs in the cloud sector have been buzzing for many years now in all functions – analytics, data sciences, AI & ML, and more. In fact, the Data Scientist role was Glasdoor’s top job in 2019, with a median base salary of $108,000. As we transition to 2020, expect more roles to break into this top club as demand for professionals continues to surge.
- Distribution of Public Cloud Computing
Public cloud is fast becoming known as distributed cloud because providers of public cloud services have started to distribute them to different geographical locations. This makes for smaller data centres in multiple locations, which enables reduced latency, lower overhead costs, and improved compliance with regards to regulations related to data location. Furthermore, it also supports and helps in the rapid expansion of edge computing and IoT, so expect more distributed cloud in 2020.
- 5G + Cloud: Inevitable Synergies
While we’ve discussed 5G in multiple posts previously, the impact this next generation of cellular communication standards will have on the cloud sector remains understated. While 5G’s near-zero latency capabilities can sound alarming to some in the cloud space, others believe that the 5G and cloud could create some truly exciting synergies and open up new possibilities for innovation. 5G networks are already being deployed in pockets across major markets such as the US, and 2020 should see the standard get adopted on a global level.
- Rise of Hybrid Cloud
Hybrid cloud computing enables enterprises to use a combination of public and private cloud functions along with third-party tools. Up until now, the lack of a consistent hybrid cloud computing option played a major hurdle to its adoption. However, in a sign of things to come – hybrid strategy utilization grew to 58% in 2019 – a 7% YoY increase. In contrast, the usage of multiple public and private clouds has declined. Expect these trends to continue in 2020 – Forbes estimates 22% of enterprises workloads will be relying on hybrid platforms this year.
All of this is exhilarating, to say the least. Not only will 2020 bring an improvement in efficiency and productivity of various different businesses and enterprises, it’ll also lay the foundation for the changing technological landscape in the next decade. With the emergence of artificial intelligence, the blockchain, and many other exciting cloud computing trends working in tandem with cloud computing, the year 2020 will also bring countless exciting opportunities for cloud professionals.